Different Skin Types and Care Routines

by Posted in Skin .

Skin is often classified by specialists as dry, oily, or combination. Knowing which skin type you have easily allows you to adjust your care routine. Making sure you use the right moisturisers and cleaning products for your skin type will give you a healthy glow.

What is Your Skin Type?

Developed in 1975, the Fitzpatrick scale classifies human skin colour numerically. Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, a dermatologist in Harvard, intended to be able to estimate how different types of skin responded to ultraviolet (UV) light. Genetic disposition and reaction to sun exposure are factors we measure to determine your skin type.

Type I is characterised by always burning and not tanning, and it relates to pale white skin, blue or hazel eyes, and blond or red hair).

Type II relates to fair skin and blue eyes, and it burns easily but rarely tans.

Type III always tans and only sometimes burns, relating to darker white to medium skin.

Type IV relates to light brown skin, and it tans easily but burns very minimally.

Type V very rarely burns but always tans, and it relates to brown skin.

Type VI relates to dark brown or black skin, and it never burns and it always tans dark.

Dry Skin

This type of skin has trouble maintaining oil, and it usually flakes. As the sebaceous glands don’t work properly, the skin doesn’t have the necessary amount of oil to hydrate the skin. Dry skin has higher tendency of reflecting aging and wrinkling. Your skin might feel ‘tight’ after being wiped; gentle cleansing and a protective moisturiser are recommended.

The protective cell layer on the surface of your skin gets interrupted with dry skin, and having a routine before bed with thick cream moisturisers ensures that your skin is repaired and gets the hydration it requires.

Oily Skin

Distinct by the thickness of the skin and the shiny, large pores, oily skin has overactive oil producing sebaceous glands. Unlike dry skin, having oily skin helps retain moisture and minimises its aging and wrinkling. Regular cleaning of the skin, morning and evening, with gentle and soap-free cleansers ensures that your pores will have less chance to clog up. Oil-free moisturisers will help reduce the production of oil in your skin.

Combination Skin

Combination skin often relates to having dry skin on your cheeks but oily skin on your T-zone (nose and brow area). Gentle cleansers once a day are enough to keep combination skin types clean. Applying oil-free moisturisers to the T-zone and spot-treating the dry areas of your skin will ensure that both skin types are treated correctly and don’t worsen.

Ultimately, here at Skinstation we provide a wide range of services regarding the care of your skin and we’re here to help! If you want to know more about how we can help you, feel free to get in touch on +44 (0)1481 736699 and our friendly team will happily answer any query you have.

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Latest update: 19/07/2017
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