Your skin is your body’s largest organ, so it’s only right that you pay careful attention to it. Just as you might look after your heart or lungs, the skin needs looking after, and it’s important to know your skin if you are going to do this well.
The Anatomy of Your Skin
There are three main layers of your skin – the epidermis, dermis and hypodermis. Each layer plays a different role in keeping your skin healthy and protecting what’s underneath your skin!
· Epidermis – this is the outer layer of skin and it has a number of functions such as forming a protective barrier against irritants, allergens and pathogens, as well as attempting to prevent moisture loss. This layer of skin contains melanin which gives your skin its colour and protects you from harmful UV rays.
· Dermis – this is the second layer of skin which is home to the sweat glands, oil glands and hair follicles. The dermis provides nutrients for the epidermis as well as the collagen that gives your skin elasticity.
· Hypodermis – this is the innermost layer of skin which is mostly composed of fat. This is the layer that connects everything together, attaching the dermis to muscle. It is particularly important as it provides the insulation for the body as well as acting as an energy reserve.
With all these important roles being held by your skin, it is clear to see how essential good skin care is.
The Skin Types
Not everyone’s skin works in the same way. Some people experience oily skin as the sebaceous glands can be overactive, while other people may experience dry skin as the sebaceous glands don’t produce enough oil.
If you know your skin type, it is a lot easier to find a skin care routine that is best-suited to your skin.
Read our recent blog to find out more about skin types, how to find out which one you are and how to best treat your skin.
What Your Skin Needs
Regardless of your skin type, there are certain things it needs to stay healthy. These include:
· Cleansing – over the course of the day, your skin comes into contact with countless pollutants – that’s it’s job. This means that your skin needs to be cleansed every day. This may be something that people with dry skin are tempted to drop from their skin care routine. However, there are plenty of products that can work with different skin types, ensuring that everyone can have fresh, clean skin.
· Nutrition – just like every other organ in the body, your skin needs nutrition to stay healthy. Essential fatty acids such as omega 3 and omega 6 help your skin to hold on to water and nutrients. Antioxidants such as vitamin C and vitamin E help to build collagen and protect cell membranes.
· Water – humans can’t survive for long without water because our bodies and full of it – up to 75% of the human body is made up of water! Water helps to keep your whole body healthy, including your skin which benefits from its hydration.
· Moisture – while water can help to hydrate your skin from the inside out, a good moisturiser can offer hydration from the outside in, targeting the epidermis and penetrating the deeper layers. Those with dry skin will know how important it is to moisturise, but those with oily skin should also do the same.
Getting to know your skin can help you to make an informed decision about your skin care needs. At Skinstation, we provide a huge range of skin care products such as our Obagi skin care range that can help to keep your skin looking youthful and healthy.