Acne is an extremely common and yet widely misunderstood conditions. It is estimated that three quarters of people between the ages of 11 – 30 will have acne at some point during this period. It starts usually in puberty, when the sebaceous glands under the surface of the skin start to produce sebum, which is triggered by testosterone. The causes of acne are understood but not the tendency to get the condition. As 25% of people never develop acne, there must be some kind of immunity to it, which is probably genetic. Here we discuss why the skin produces spots and how they can be treated.
What causes acne?
There are several myths about acne that have now been disproved, although people still accuse people of not being careful with their skin. Common myths include: acne is caused by eating greasy and fatty food, acne is caused by not washing your skin and acne is linked to obesity. The truth is that acne has a genetic component, making you have a skin type that is susceptible to getting block pores, which are the cause of spots. Even people with bad diets and weight problems can not be affected by acne if they don’t have genes that make them susceptible for it.
How do spots form?
Essentially a spot forms when a pore is blocked by sebum, dirt and dead skin cells. The blockage causes a plug, meaning that air can’t get into the pores and dirt can’t be pushed out. The hair follicle then gets infected by a natural bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes and this leads to swelling which can be seen on the dermis as a red lump.
What are the symptoms?
You may be susceptible to spots if you have oily skin and large, open pores, so keep a look out for spots developing. There are several types of spots and they are formed in slightly different ways. The most common types of spots are blackheads and white heads. A blackhead is a small black or brown spot and this is essentially a block pore which is filled with sebum and dirt. A whitehead is similar but underneath the skin’s surface so the sebum looks white. Pustules can form if the spot is fromed lower in the skin and the follicle becomes infected. Side effects of acne include scarring, especially if you pick or squeeze spots, and having bad skin can also lead to psychological problems such as depression and low self-esteem.
How can acne be treated?
Here at SkinStation we believe it’s very important that you feel your best, and therefore we want to help you look your best. Acne can be treated and controlled if you look after your skin and take steps to keep it dirt and bacteria free. By cleansing the skin regularly, with the right ingredients you can kill the bacteria that cause acne and also stop your pores from getting blocked. Try our medically developed Obagi Clenziderm range to keep your acne at bay. The range includes products for different skin types so you can find one that will care for your skin. They contain prescription strength antibacterial ingredients such as Salicylic acid which is proven to fight spots.